These Japanese-made IDAS Type 4 52mm RGB filters are designed for visual and near infra-red colour imaging with special attention to features which address accurate colour rendition as viewed by the human eye. These are not your regular RGB filters :-)
The bandpasses are designed with astronomical imaging in mind. The passband roll-offs are sufficiently gentle and overlapping to allow intermediate colours (especially the prominent emission nebula lines) to be reproduced so that the elusive goal of "true colour" can be approached.
The red (R) filter includes some blue (B) band response to match the response of the human eye. This allows violet frequencies to be reproduced correctly as violet (purple). Note that traditional filters which do not include B response in the R filter incorrectly represent violet frequencies as pure blue.
The B/G filter cross-over point is set slightly below 500nm to correctly balance the colours in the two OIII emission lines (500.7nm and 495.8nm).
All filters utilize the unique IDAS Ion Gun Assisted Deposition (IGAD*) coating technology for superior coating durability (quartz hardness) and safer cleaning. IGAD coatings also improve temperature and humidity stability of the filter performance, reducing spectrum shifts down to +/-1nm from the +/-3 or 4nm shift of standard coatings.
The unique bandpass arrangements of the IDAS Type 4 filters allow several types of imaging to be done with combinations of filters:
Conventional BGR+L imaging
Conventional BGR+L imaging is accomplished by using an IR blocking L filter in conjunction with each of the component colour filters (RGB). A clear filter is used for the L-component so that the focus position is the same as for each of the other components.
Near IR (NIR) "tri-colour" (false colour) imaging
Near IR (NIR) "tri-colour" (false colour) imaging can be done by using an optional IR-pass / visual cutoff filter (R700) in conjunction with the RGB filters and clear filter. Note that the imaging sensor and optics must also be capable of imaging IR wavelengths.
One application of NIR false color imaging is to planetary imaging. The methane absorption in NIR allows gas giant features to be seen with more contrast, as seen in a Galileo probe view of the Great Red Spot on Jupiter.
NIR imaging also allows for better "penetration" of areas dominated by interstellar dust due to the reduced scattering of longer wavelengths. The Trapezium region of M42 is a good example of an area benefitting from NIR imaging.
Full-band False Colour imaging
Full-band False Colour imaging can be done by using the BGR and clear filters without additional filtering. This allows IR-capable imaging chips to utilise their full spectral capability. Note that the imaging optics must also be capable of properly imaging IR wavelengths.